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Carpathian Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra caprpatica)

Карпатская серна (Rupicapra rupicapra carpatica)
Rupicapra rupicapra caprpatica

Russian Кавказская серна; English Carpathian Chamois; German Karpathengams; French Chamois des Carpates; Spanish Rebeco des los Cárpatos; Romanian capra neagră

IUCN Red List

Least Concern (as Rupicapra rupicapra), Aulagnier, Giannatos and Herrero, 2008;

CITES

Not listed

USF&WS

Not listed

EU

Appendix III Bern Convention, EU Habitats and Species Directive2006/105 Annex V; Council Directive 92/43 and 97/62

Distribution

Romania

CIC Medal Categories

Bronze

Silver

Gold

CIC Point Values (Male)

100.00     –     104.99 (cm)

105.00     –       109.99 (cm)

110.00 +     (cm)

CIC Point Values (Female)

95.00     –     99.99 (cm)

100.00     –       104.99 (cm)

105.00 +     (cm)

 

The Carpathian Chamois is endemic to Romania and occurs in many various-sized populations throughout the Romanian part of the Carpathian Mountains. The largest populations occur in the Southern Carpathians, in particular in the Făgăraș Alps, and the Retezat. There have been a number of successful reintroductions, as in the Rodna Mountains, from where it spread to the Eastern Carpathians. Lower density populations are now found in the Buzău and Hășmașu Mare mountains (located in the Eastern Carpathians where the Mureș and Olt rivers have their sources), and Vrancea Mountains in southeastern Romania at the bend of the Eastern Carpathians.

Carpathian chamois sport the best hunting trophies of all chamois. The mean of these 89 heads stands at the astonishing score of 119.0 CIC points. This list is of course not representative, but a mere selection of excellent heads. The outstanding trophy quality is underlined by the mean horn length of 25.2 cm (10 in.) of 98 specimens listed with SCI (SCI 2010); the longest horn in this list measures 30.2 cm (11 7/8 in.). The average horn length of good mature males is about 25 cm (9 7/8 in.), in post-prime females about 23 cm (9 in.). The average base circumference in males and females is 9 cm and 7.5 cm (3 4/8 and 2 7/8 in.) respectively. The largest Carpathian chamois head recorded - which at the same time is the largest chamois trophy ever officially recorded until the present – comes from the Făgăraş-Sibiu area in Romania and was harvested in 1931. The individual measurements of this extraordinary trophy are: length right horn 33.5 cm (13 2/8 in.); left horn 33.9 cm (13 3/8 in.), height to bend 21.6 cm (8 4/8 in.); greatest circumference 10.6 cm (4 1/8 in.); distance between tips 24.8 cm (9 6/8 in.). The panel of judges at the International Hunting Exhibition, Berlin, 1937 officially confirmed a score of 141.1 CIC points.
Habitat Regions Europe

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