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Alpine Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra)

Альпийская серна (Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra), включая интродуцированные новозеландские популяции
Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra

Russian Альпийский серны - включает введенные населения Словацкий Рай, Новая Зеландия; English Alpine Chamois; German Alpengams, Alpengemse; French Chamois des alpes; Spanish Rebecco (gamuza, gausa) alpino/a; Italian Camoscio alpino

IUCN Red List

Least Concern; Aulagnier, Giannatos and Herrero 2008

CITES

Not listed

USF&WS

Not listed

EU

Appendix III Bern Convention, EU Habitats and Species Directive2006/105 Annex V; Council Directive 92/43 and 97/62

Distribution

Austria, Czech Republic, Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland. Introduced: New Zealand

CIC Medal Categories

Bronze

Silver

Gold

CIC Point Values (Male)

100.00     –     104.99 (cm)

105.00     –       109.99 (cm)

110.00 +     (cm)

CIC Point Values (Female)

95.00     –     99.99 (cm)

100.00     –       104.99 (cm)

105.00 +     (cm)

 

The Alps across France, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria, and Slovenia, are the home of the Alpine chamois, the most abundant and widespread Caprin, with an estimated total population between 508,000 and 535,000 individuals. They occupy most of the suitable habitats in the Swiss, Austrian, French, German and Italian Alps. Alpine chamois are also widespread in the forested regions of the Swiss and French Jura and smaller pockets in the Vosges Mountains and Massif Central. A viable introduced population inhabits the Black Forest. Small introduced populations also exist in the Czech Republic and Slovakia (Low Fatras/Slovenský raj). Slovenia has sizeable populations in the Julian Alps. In northwestern Croatia, they occur on the border with Slovenia and a hybrid population of R. r. balcanica x rupicapra has evolved from introductions in the southwest. Alpine chamois have been successfully introduced to the Southern Alps of New Zealand from north-west Nelson to northern Fjordland. They continue to expand their range to the north and south of the island.

The largest head of a male scoring 134.7 CIC points was harvested in Switzerland in 1941(longest horn 32.7 cm/12 7/8 in., largest circumference 8.6 cm/3 3/8 in.). A 15-year-old female France (Isère), harvested in 2005 scores 129.2 CIC points measured 33.0 cm (13 1/8 in.). A 14-year-old female taken in 1984 in the Alpes Maritimes had the longest horns ever recorded for a chamois – the right horn measuring 34.30 cm (13 4/8 in.) and the left horn 33.3 cm (13 1/8 in.) – but a relatively small circumference of 7.0 cm (2 6/8 in.) and spread of only 6.3 cm (2 4/8 in.) resulted in a total of only 114.8 CIC points. The extraordinary horn length of this specimen beats the length of the world record male Carpathian chamois by 0.4 cm (1/8 in). Top scoring trophies (120 CIC points and above) usually show horn lengths in excess of 26.7 cm (10 4/8 in.), but excellent quality trophies scoring 100 CIC points have horns exceeding 24 cm (9 4/8 in.).The CIC point limits also apply for all introduced populations, e.g. from Slovakia (Low Fatra/Slovenský raj) and New Zealand (southern Alps).
Habitat Regions Italy France Europe

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The contents of these pages originate from the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World and are protected by international copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this webpage may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the prior written permission of the Mountain Hunters’ Club and the International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation. More detailed information about the CIC argali phenotypes, their distribution, life history, conservation and management is available in the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World (English and Russian Edition). Please contact the Mountain Hunters Club or the CIC International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation for ordering details for the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World.