Sign In | New account

Sign in if you have account

Alpine Ibex (Capra ibex)

Альпийский горный козел (Capra ibex)
Capra ibex

Russian Альпийский горный козёл; English Alpine Ibex; German Alpensteinbock; French Bouquetin des Alpes; Spanish Íbice de los Alpes; Italian Stambecco; Slovenian kozorog

IUCN Red List

Least Concern, Aulagnier et al. 2008


Not listed


Not listed


Appendix III of the Bern Convention and Annex V of the EU Habitats and Species Directive


Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Slovenia

CIC Medal Categories




CIC Point Value

150.00 – 156.99 (cm)

157.00 – 164.99 (cm)

165.00 + (cm)


The current populations originate from re-introductions from a remnant population of less than 100 animals in Gran Paradiso, Italy, after the Alpine ibex became extinct over most of its range. Beginning in 1911, Alpine Ibex were successfully reintroduced to reserves in other parts of the Italian, Swiss, French, German, and Austrian Alps. Today, this species is listed as “Least Concern” in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population. The Alpine ibex is endemic to Europe, where its native range includes the Alps of France, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Austria, Germany and northern Italy. It has been introduced to Slovenia and into the Rila mountains of Bulgaria.

Horns of males grow in a single plane, inclining backwards in a bold scimitar-like sweep and are oval-shaped in cross-section, with a well-defined, broad, flattened frontal surface, which displays bold transverse knots or knobs. These knobs become smaller and flatter from base to tip of the horns. Horn cores are isosceles triangle-shaped in cross-section, with a narrow frontal surface. Horns of mature males generally reach between 85 and 95 cm (33 4/8 and 37 3/8 in.) with a basal circumference of about 25 cm (9 7/8 in.). The longest horn ever recorded on an Alpine ibex comes from a head harvested in Röthelstein (Austria) in 1970. The right horn measured 113.8 cm (44 6/8 in.) and the left 113.0 cm (44 4/8 in.). A trophy head from the Aosta Valley (Italy), taken in 1898, had a similar length measurement of 113.3 cm (44 5/8 in.). Heavy bases measure 25 cm (9 7/8 in.) and above. The tip-to-tip spread is extremely variable from under 60 cm (23 5/8 in.) to 118 cm (46 4/8 in.) as measured in the Röthelstein trophy head. The best heads score over 200 CIC points, but any head over 150 points can be considered an excellent trophy. The CIC scoring method for ibex is complex and takes a number of objective and subjective evaluations (e.g. spread, horn color, formation of ridges, expression of horn curve) into account, apart from strict length and circumference measurements.

Regulated Alpine ibex hunting takes place in most range countries. Italy has an ibex population control cull. In France, Alpine ibex is under full protection and may not be hunted; however, new management approaches are under discussion.
Habitat Regions Italy France Europe

The contents of these pages originate from the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World and are protected by international copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this webpage may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the prior written permission of the Mountain Hunters’ Club and the International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation. More detailed information about the CIC argali phenotypes, their distribution, life history, conservation and management is available in the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World (English and Russian Edition). Please contact the Mountain Hunters Club or the CIC International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation for ordering details for the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World.