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Nubian Ibex (Capra nubiana)

Нубийский горный козел (Capra nubiana)
Capra nubiana

Russian Альпийский горный козёл; English Nubian Ibex; German Nubischer Steinbock; French Bouquetin de Nubie; Spanish Cabra nubiana, Íbice de Nubia; Arabic Beden; Hebrew Je’el, Yael

IUCN Red List

Vulnerable C1+2a(i), Alkon et al. 2008. Egypt: Protected – Agric. Law 53/l 966. amd. 1992; Israel: vulnerable arid-zone range, rare Mediterranean range; Oman: Protected, Min. of Diwan Affairs, Ministerial Dec. 4/1976; Sudan: Sched. II Wildl.Cons. Act


Not listed


Not listed


Not listed


Egypt, Eritrea, Israel, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen

CIC Medal Categories




CIC Point Value

300.00 – 329.99 (cm)

330.00 – 359.99 (cm)

360.00 + (cm)


The range extends along both sides of the Red Sea. The African (western) part includes the coastal hills of eastern Egypt, the Red Sea Hills in northeastern Sudan, and northern Eritrea. On the eastern side it is found in restricted localities in Arabia, and in Sinai and Israel. In Egypt, they occur in isolated populations in the Eastern Desert and Red Sea Mountains. In Sudan, small populations exist in the Red Sea Hills. In eastern and southern Israel they occur in the Judean Desert, Negev, and Eilat Mountains. In Jordan, ibex is currently confined to remote areas of rugged, mountainous terrain, from the north-eastern escarpment of the Dead Sea, south along the Rift valley to Wadi Araba. In southern Oman isolated populations live in the Dhofar and Huqf areas. There are also scattered populations in Yemen in the remotest regions of the Hadramawt. In Saudi Arabia Nubian ibex are known to occur in Jabal Qaraqar, Hemah Fiqrah and in the At-Tubayq PA.

Nubian ibex males have a relatively narrow horn configuration, with a rounded outer edge, flattened laterally, and an often knobby appearance of the transverse ridges or knobs on the inner edges of the horns. These splendid horns curve up, back and down in an impressive scimitar-shaped semicircle, and sometimes, in old males, medially forward at the tips. Nubian ibex in Israel and on the Arabian Peninsula tend to have somewhat shorter and thinner horns. The largest horns ever recorded, 138.5 cm (54 4/8 in.), come from a captive animal from the Khartoum Zoo (1969). A wild specimen from the Red Sea Hills measured 129 cm (50 6/8 in.). Both specimens had relatively small basal circumferences, between 18 and 19 cm (7 to 7 4/8 in.).

Hunting of Nubian ibex is prohibited by law in most of its range. There are talks that Egypt and Oman are contemplating restricted trophy hunting programs for Nubian ibex. In Sudan, Nubian ibex can be hunted with a special hunting permit under Schedule II of the Wildlife Conservation Act, but reportedly Nubian ibex are scarce.
Habitat Regions Египет

The contents of these pages originate from the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World and are protected by international copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this webpage may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the prior written permission of the Mountain Hunters’ Club and the International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation. More detailed information about the CIC argali phenotypes, their distribution, life history, conservation and management is available in the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World (English and Russian Edition). Please contact the Mountain Hunters Club or the CIC International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation for ordering details for the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World.